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jaxml.py

# Module for XML, HTML and CGI output
# jaxml
# (C) Jerome Alet <alet@librelogiciel.com> 2000-2002
# You're welcome to redistribute this software under the
# terms of the GNU General Public Licence version 2.0
# or, at your option, any higher version.
#
# You can read the complete GNU GPL in the file COPYING
# which should come along with this software, or visit
# the Free Software Foundation's WEB site http://www.fsf.org
#
# $Id: jaxml.py,v 1.43 2003/06/26 06:59:32 jerome Exp $
#
# $Log: jaxml.py,v $
# Revision 1.43  2003/06/26 06:59:32  jerome
# Small fix.
#
# Revision 1.42  2003/02/13 14:36:09  jerome
# Version 3.0
#
# Revision 1.41  2003/02/13 10:33:58  jerome
# Version number changed to 3.0beta
# Named _push() and _pop() possibility (untested)
# Complete namespaces support thanks to Jean Jordaan
#
# Revision 1.40  2002/04/25 09:08:34  jerome
# New copyright strings
#
# Revision 1.39  2002/03/02 09:19:36  jerome
# typo in _do_nothing() in CGI scripts
#
# Revision 1.38  2001/04/23 12:17:08  jerome
# Nothing is output when there's no content to output.
#
# Revision 1.37  2001/02/23 15:02:49  jerome
# Correction of a minor bug which prevented headers to be kept correct
# when adding or multiplying documents
#
# Revision 1.36  2001/02/22 08:27:07  jerome
# The copy module is not needed anymore.
#
# Revision 1.35  2001/02/21 16:26:15  jerome
# Version number changed to 2.21
# The _updatemapping() method now returns the new mapping's content.
#
# Revision 1.34  2001/02/21 11:54:56  jerome
# Typo
#
# Revision 1.33  2001/02/21 11:40:47  jerome
# - version number changed to 2.20
# - basic arithmetic operations can now be made on XML_document
#   instances, these constructs are now accepted:
#
#   firstdoc + seconddoc
#   seconddoc + firstdoc
#
#   Where firstdoc is an instance of XML_document
#   or one of its subclasses, and seconddoc is
#   either an instance of XML_document or one of
#   its subclasses or a string of text.
#
#   yourdoc * intvalue
#   intvalue * yourdoc
#
#   Will repeat your document just like the * operator
#   works with strings of text.
#
# - an infinite loop problem occured when doing a dir(yourdoc),
#   it is now corrected, but as a consequences every method
#   name beginning with "__" can't be used as a tag name.
#   This shouldn't cause any problem, because tag names
#   beginning with "__" are probably a very bad idea, if allowed
#   at all.
# - an _updatemapping method was added to allow you to initialise
#   or update the internal mapping used for the new templating
#   facility.
#
# Revision 1.32  2001/02/19 13:42:10  jerome
# Suppressed a remaining debugging test
#
# Revision 1.31  2001/02/19 13:38:38  jerome
# Version changed to 2.10
# Added a new templating method, using documents as pseudo mappings:
#       mydoc["some text"] = "another text"
# will replace all occurences of "some text" with "another text" on
# rendition (only), i.e. when either str() or repr() are called.
# Truth value can now be tested: empty documents return false.
#
# Revision 1.30  2001/02/14 10:49:20  jerome
# Typo
#
# Revision 1.29  2001/02/14 10:48:44  jerome
# Version number changed to 2.10
# Docstrings added to the _TAGGED_document.Tag class
# __repr__ is defined once for all
#
# Revision 1.28  2001/02/06 09:50:30  jerome
# Added documentation for the _template() method
# Added some doc for the HTML_document() and CGI_document() classes
#
# Revision 1.27  2001/02/05 16:03:59  jerome
# The CGI_document() constructor now accepts version and encoding arguments
#
# Revision 1.26  2001/02/05 14:49:55  jerome
# Exit code when using the old Html_document class was set to -1 (unsuccessful) instead of 0 (successful)
#
# Revision 1.25  2001/02/05 14:43:10  jerome
# Version number changed to 2.00beta1
#
# Revision 1.24  2001/02/05 14:31:07  jerome
# Version number changed to 2.00
# jaxml now includes what was in the old jahtml module, and features two new
# classes: HTML_document() and CGI_document().
# jaxml's API hasn't changed.
# jahtml's old API was changed to better match jaxml's one.
#
# ========================================================================
# = You don't need the old jahtml module anymore, but before removing it =
# = you must modify your programs to take care of the new API.           =
# ========================================================================
#
# Revision 1.23  2001/01/26 12:43:16  jerome
# Rollback on "speed optimisations"
#
# Revision 1.22  2001/01/26 11:01:44  jerome
# The reduce line is commented out because it is much more slower then string.join + map
#
# Revision 1.21  2001/01/26 10:44:07  jerome
# Another speed optimisation
#
# Revision 1.20  2001/01/26 10:08:29  jerome
# Large scale speed optimisations
#
# Revision 1.19  2001/01/25 15:09:34  jerome
# Another optimisation
#
# Revision 1.18  2001/01/25 15:01:57  jerome
# Small speed optimisation in the _pop() method
#
# Revision 1.17  2001/01/25 13:28:48  jerome
# Version number changed to 1.26
# The notation for naming spaces was introduced:
#
#       doc.space.tag(...)
#
# will produce:
#
#         <space:tag>
#           ...
#         </space:tag>
#
# Revision 1.16  2001/01/25 12:22:03  jerome
# A new useful notation was introduced, you can now
# do something like:
#
# doc.onetag("...", attr="yes").othertag().adnauseam("easy tag nesting")
#
# Revision 1.15  2001/01/25 11:25:50  jerome
# Version number changed to 1.24
# Tags which enclose nothing are now handled correctly
# Calls to yourtag("Some text", dummy="DUMMY") will
# now produce:
#
#       <yourtag dummy="DUMMY">Some text</yourtag>
#
# instead of :
#
#       <yourtag dummy="DUMMY">
#         Some text
#       </yourtag>
#
# Some changes to the test program to reflect the new behaviour
#
# Revision 1.14  2001/01/23 10:30:24  jerome
# The _output() method now accepts None as its file argument
# Minor changes to the documentation
# Copyright year changed to 2000-2001
#
# Revision 1.13  2000/10/04 11:50:30  jerome
# The license is correctly set to "GNU GPL" in setup.py
# Version number change to 1.23
#
# Revision 1.12  2000/09/29 13:49:36  jerome
# The documentation referenced a non existing file.
#
# Revision 1.11  2000/09/29 13:25:37  jerome
# Small but correction with empty text, use None instead
#
# Revision 1.10  2000/09/29 11:14:18  jerome
# The traceback module is not needed anymore
#
# Revision 1.9  2000/09/29 11:02:26  jerome
# With the help of Kragen Sitaker idea posted on comp.lang.python,
# the speed increase factor is now almost 2.5 compared to the 1.1 version.
# Test made on the test.py program launched 5000 times.
#
# Revision 1.8  2000/09/29 08:55:04  jerome
# Near 13% speed optimisation on the test program launched 5000 times.
#
# Revision 1.7  2000/09/29 08:43:30  jerome
# Optimisations
#
# Revision 1.6  2000/09/29 07:42:52  jerome
# Version number changed to 1.2
#
# Revision 1.5  2000/09/28 10:06:09  jerome
# The frenglish word "imbricated" was replaced by the correct english one "nested",
# thanks to Kragen Sitaker.
# Version number changed to 1.1 because seems stable and want more testers: the
# Freshmeat Version Number Effect ;-)
#
# Revision 1.4  2000/09/15 08:30:41  jerome
# Version string and Documentation string added.
#
# Revision 1.3  2000/09/15 08:27:10  jerome
# Clarification on the licensing issue.
# General documentation changes.
# No code changes but version set to 0.3
#
# Revision 1.2  2000/09/14 07:15:29  jerome
# All tag attributes values are now quoted correctly.
# Using attributes with no value at all is not allowed anymore.
# Now xmllib doesn't complain anymore on sampleXML.py output.
#
#
import sys
import os
import string
import cStringIO
import time

__version__ = "3.01"
__doc__ = """
This python module defines a class named XML_document which will
allow you to generate XML documents (yeah !) more easily than
using print or similar functions.

Here's a list of available methods:
===================================

        __init__(version, encoding)
                The instance constructor, automatically called
                when you create a new instance of XML_document.
                you can optionnally pass a version and encoding
                string, the defaults are "1.0" and "iso-8859-1".

        _indentstring(istr)
                istr is the new indentation string used
                to nicely present your XML documents. By
                default istr is equal to 4 space characters.

        _output(filearg)
                use it to save the XML document to a file.
                The optionnal filearg argument may be:
                    None, "", or "-" which stands for sys.stdout.
                    a file name.
                    any file object.

        _text(sometext)
                use it to insert plain text at the current position
                in the document.

        _push()
                saves the current position in the XML document.
                use it if you're going to create a bunch of nested
                XML tags and want to escape from them later to continue
                your document at the same indentation level.
                you can pass an optional 'name' argument, to mark
                a position by its name.

        _pop()
                restores the latest saved position.
                use it to escape from nested tags and continue
                your XML document at the same indentation level than
                the latest time you called _push().
                you can pass an optional 'name' argument, to continue
                at the same indentation level as when you called _push()
                with the same 'name' argument.

        _template(file, **vars)
                loads a template file and insert it as plain text at the current
                position in the document, replacing ##varname## variables
                in the template file with their corresponding value passed
                in vars[varname]

        _updatemapping(newmap)
                updates the internal mapping used for replacing some strings with
                others when rendering. This can be used as an easy way to
                do templating without the need of an external file.
                Pass None or no argument to reset the mapping to an empty one.
                This method returns the new mapping's content.

        Some more methods are available but not meant to be used directly, they
are: __nonzero__, __getitem__, __setitem__, __delitem__, __coerce__, __add__,
__radd__, __mul__, __rmul__, and __copy__. They are used automatically when doing
special things, read the source for details.

        ANY and ALL other method you may call will be treated as an XML
tag, unless it already exists as a method in XML_document or a subclass of it,
or its name begins with "__". I suggest you to only add methods whose names
begin with '_' to keep things simple and clear: "__" is reserved for future
use.

The file test/test.py is an example program which generates
some documents, just play with it (use and modify) and you'll
learn quickly how to use jaxml. Its source code is documented and
attempts at describing and trying all jaxml's possibilities, so reading
it is probably the best way to become powerful with jaxml in less than
10 minutes.

Really, PLEASE READ the file test/test.py to learn all possibilities.

=========================================================================

Since version 2.00, jaxml integrates the full functionnalities of the
old jahtml module via the HTML_document and CGI_document classes, however
the API for these two classes has changed to be cleaner and don't use any
predefined set of tags.

The HTML_document() and CGI_document() classes both inherit from XML_document()
and all its methods (see above), but also feature some useful helper methods.

Please read the jaxml module sources and the test/test.py program to learn how
to use them.

=========================================================================

The only difficult things are:
------------------------------

        * you have to use the _push() and _pop() methods if you need
          to get out of a bunch of nested tags.

        * if you call a method (tag) with a string as the first
          unnamed parameter, you'll don't need _push() or _pop()
          because your tag will be automatically closed immediately.
          
        * if you call a method (tag) with a python mapping as the
          first or second unamed parameter, this mapping is used
          to correctly handle XML namespaces or attributes
          which are python reserved words (e.g. class), please
          look at test/test.py to see an example.
"""

00345 class _TAGGED_document :
        """This class defines a tagged document"""
00347         class Tag :
                """This class defines a tag

                   This is largely inspired from a post in comp.lang.python
                   by Kragen Sitaker at the end of September 2000. Many
                   thanks to him !!!
                """
00354                 def __init__(self, parent, tagname) :
                        """Save a link to the parent and the name of the tag for future reference

                           parent
                                The parent object, probably a _TAGGED_document instance.

                           tagname
                                The name of this tag
                        """ 
                        self.__parent = parent
                        self.__tagname = tagname

00366                 def __call__(self, _text_ = None, *nsattributes, **attributes) :
                        """Inserts the tag and its attributes in the document

                           _text_
                                eventually a string to be enclosed in the tag. the
                                name _text_ was chosen to not conflict with a probable user's attribute
                                called 'text'
                        """
                        #
                        # NameSpace idea from Jean Jordaan
                        if type(_text_) == type({}) :
                                nsattributes = (_text_, )
                                _text_ = None
                        nsargs = ""
                        lg = len(nsattributes)
                        if (lg > 1) :
                                raise ValueError, "jaxml: Invalid attributes %s" % str(nsattributes[0])
                        elif lg :    
                                nsattr = nsattributes[0]
                                try :
                                        for ns in nsattr.keys() :
                                                tags = nsattr[ns]
                                                try :
                                                        for tag in tags.keys() :        
                                                                nsargs = nsargs + ' %s%s%s="%s"' % (ns, (ns and ':'), tag, str(tags[tag]))
                                                except AttributeError :                
                                                        nsargs = nsargs + ' %s="%s"' % (ns, str(tags))
                                except AttributeError :                        
                                        raise ValueError, "jaxml: Invalid attributes %s" % str(nsattr)
                                        
                        # first, we compute the attributes string
                        # we vonluntarily do the test because of the speed optimisation
                        # it gives when there's no attribute
                        if attributes :
                                # interestingly the "reduce" line is much more slower than the "string.join + map" one
                                # arg = reduce(lambda s,x,a=attributes: '%s %s="%s"' % (s, x, str(a[x])), attributes.keys(), "")
                                arg = string.join(map(lambda x,a=attributes: ' %s="%s"' % (x, str(a[x])), attributes.keys()), "")
                        else :
                                arg = ""

                        # if a "first" argument was passed, enclose it in the tag
                        # and just get out of this tag
                        if _text_ is not None :
                                self.__parent._text("<%s%s>%s</%s>" % (self.__tagname, arg + nsargs, str(_text_), self.__tagname))
                        else :
                                # future tags will be inserted inside this one
                                self.__parent._tag__(self.__tagname, arg + nsargs)
                        return self.__parent

00415                 def __getattr__(self, name) :
                        """Handles naming spaces (Space:Tag)

                           name
                                The name of the (sub)tag part

                           The current tag's name becomes the naming space's name.
                           name becomes the new tag's name.
                        """
                        return self.__parent.Tag(self.__parent, "%s:%s" % (self.__tagname, name))

00426         def __init__(self) :
                """Initialize local datas"""
                # the document itself
                self.__page = []
                self.__pushed = []
                self.__pusheddict = {}
                self.__position = 0

                # Initialise a mapping to implement another templating
                # facility for postprocessing
                self._updatemapping()

                # sets the default indentation string
                self._indentstring()

        def __copy__(self) :
                """Creates a copy of the current document"""
                # create an instance of the same class
                new = self.__class__()

                # copy the "private" members
                new.__page = self.__page[:]
                new.__pushed = self.__pushed[:]
                new.__pusheddict = self.__pusheddict.copy()
                new.__position = self.__position
                new.__indentstring = self.__indentstring
                new.__mapping = self.__mapping.copy()

                # copy the "public" ones which are not callable (shouldn't occur anyway)
                for (key, value) in self.__dict__.items() :
                        if (key[:2] == "__") and (key[-2:] == "__") and not callable(getattr(self, key)) :
                                setattr(new, key, value)
                return new

        def __mul__(self, number) :
                """Allows a document to be repeated

                   number
                        The number of times to repeat the document

                   allows constructs like: mydoc * 3
                """        
                if type(number) != type(1) :
                        raise TypeError, "jaxml.py: __mul__ operation not permitted on these operands."
                if number < 0 :
                        raise ValueError, "jaxml.py: can't repeat a document a negative number of times."

                if number == 0 :
                        # returns an empty document
                        return self.__class__()
                else :
                        # a multiplication is just a big addition...
                        new = self.__copy__()
                        for i in range(number - 1) :
                                new = new + self
                        return new

        def __rmul__(self, number) :
                """Allows a document to be repeated

                   number
                        The number of times to repeat the document

                   allows construts like: 3 * mydoc
                """   
                return self * number

        def __add__(self, other) :
                """Allows two documents to be concatenated

                   other
                        The document or string of text to concatenate to self

                   This is not a real concatenation: the second
                   document (other) is in fact inserted at the current
                   position in the first one (self).

                   Also allows constructs like: mydoc + "some text"
                """
                if (not isinstance(other, _TAGGED_document)) and (type(other) != type("")) :
                        raise TypeError, "jaxml.py: __add__ operation not permitted on these operands."

                # first we make a copy of the original
                new = self.__copy__()

                # we must also "concatenate" our two template mappings
                new.__mapping.update(other.__mapping)

                # then we insert other as a single string of text
                # skipping the last new line character.
                # we use the parent class __str__ method to skip
                # all the leading garbage like XML or HTTP headers.
                # we should insert it as tags + text instead of plain text...
                new._text(_TAGGED_document.__str__(other)[:-1])
                return new

        def __radd__(self, other) :
                """Allows two documents to be concatenated

                   other
                        The document or string of text to which self will be concatenated

                   This is not a real concatenation: the first
                   document (self) is in fact inserted at the current
                   position in the second one (other).

                   Also allows constructs like: "some text" + mydoc
                """
                return other + self

        def __coerce__(self, other) :
                """Try to convert two documents to a common type"""
                if isinstance(other, _TAGGED_document) :
                        # no problem, compatible types
                        return (self, other)
                elif type(other) == type("") :
                        # a string of text must be converted
                        # to self's type
                        new = self.__class__()
                        new._text(other)
                        return (self, new)
                elif type(other) == type(1) :
                        # probably a __mul__ operation
                        return (self, other)
                else :
                        # conversion is impossible
                        return None

        def __getattr__(self, name) :
                """Here's the magic: we create tags on demand

                   name
                        The name of the tag we want to create
                """
                # don't accept __xxxxx names
                # we reserve them for internal or/and future use
                if (name[:2] != "__") :
                        return self.Tag(self, name)

        def __nonzero__(self) :
                """For truth value testing, returns 1 when the document is not empty"""
                if self.__page :
                        return 1
                else :
                        return 0

        def __getitem__(self, key) :
                """returns key's value in the internal mapping"""
                return self.__mapping[key]

        def __setitem__(self, key, value) :
                """sets key's value in the internal mapping"""
                self.__mapping[key] = value

        def __delitem__(self, key) :
                """deletes this key from the internal mapping"""
                del self.__mapping[key]

        def __str__(self) :
                """returns the document as a string of text"""
                outstr = cStringIO.StringIO()
                indentation = ""
                lgindent = len(self.__indentstring)
                lastopened = None
                for (text, arg, offset) in self.__page :
                        if offset == -1 :       # closing tag
                                indentation = indentation[: -lgindent]
                                if text != lastopened :         # normal case
                                        outstr.write("%s</%s>\n" % (indentation, text))
                                else :                  # noting enclosed
                                        outstr.seek(-2, 1)
                                        outstr.write(" />\n")
                                lastopened = None
                        elif offset == 1 :      # opening tag
                                outstr.write("%s<%s%s>\n" % (indentation, text, arg))
                                indentation = indentation + self.__indentstring
                                lastopened = text
                        else :                  # plain text
                                outstr.write("%s%s\n" % (indentation, text))
                                lastopened = None
                outstr.flush()
                retval = outstr.getvalue()
                outstr.close()

                # and now we use the internal mapping
                # to postprocess the document.
                # This may prove to be useful for replacing chars with their
                # equivalent SGML entities for example, or for templating
                # without a template file.
                for (key, value) in self.__mapping.items() :
                        retval = string.replace(retval, key, value)
                return retval

        def __repr__(self) :
                """Returns a printable representation of the document, same as str() for now"""
                # we define it with a 'def' instead of doing __repr__ = __str__ like the previous versions did
                # because we may redefine __str__ in subclasses and don't want to
                # have to redefine __repr__ too.
                #
                # This way it is done once for all:
                return str(self)

        def __adjust_stack(self, offset) :
                """Adjust the stack of pushed positions.

                   offset
                        offset by which adjust the stack
                """
                if self.__pushed :
                        pos, oldoffset = self.__pushed.pop()
                        self.__pushed.append((pos, oldoffset + offset))

        def _tag__(self, tag, arg) :
                self.__page.insert(self.__position, (tag, arg, 1))
                self.__position = self.__position + 1
                self.__page.insert(self.__position, (tag, None, -1))
                self.__adjust_stack(2)

                #
                # Callable interface starts here
        def _push(self, name=None) :
                """Push the current tag's position.

                   useful before a block of nested tags
                   
                   name : can be used to name the pushed position and pop it later directly
                """
                if name :
                        self.__pusheddict[name] = len(self.__pushed)
                self.__pushed.append((self.__position, 0))

        def _pop(self, name=None) :
                """Restore the latest pushed position.

                   useful to get out of a block of nested tags
                   
                   name : can be used to restore a named position, not necessarily the latest.
                """
                if self.__pushed :
                        maxindex = len(self.__pushed) - 1
                        if name :
                                try :
                                        index = self.__pusheddict[name]
                                        del self.__pusheddict[name]
                                except KeyError :        
                                        raise KeyError, "jaxml named position %s doesn't exist" % name
                        else :
                                index = maxindex
                        while maxindex >= index :
                                pos, offset = self.__pushed.pop()
                                self.__position = pos + offset
                                self.__adjust_stack(offset) # we report the offset on previously saved tags
                                maxindex = maxindex - 1

        def _text(self, text):
                """Insert plain text in the document

                   text
                        text to be inserted
                """
                self.__page.insert(self.__position, (str(text), None, 0))
                self.__position = self.__position + 1
                self.__adjust_stack(1)

        def _indentstring(self, newindentstring = "    "):
                """Sets the indentation string for the output (default is 4 space characters)"""
                self.__indentstring = newindentstring

        def _updatemapping(self, newmap = None) :
                """Updates the internal mapping for the new templating facility,
                   and returns the new mapping's content

                   newmap
                        a Python mapping object to initialise or extend the
                        mapping. If None then the mapping is reset to an empty dictionnary
                        which is the default value.
                """        
                if newmap == None :
                        # clears the template mapping
                        self.__mapping = {}
                        return self.__mapping
                elif type(newmap) == type({}) :
                        # update or extend the current mapping
                        self.__mapping.update(newmap)
                        return self.__mapping
                else :
                        raise TypeError, "jaxml.py: _updatemapping's parameter must be a Python mapping object."

        def _output(self, file = "-") :
                """Ouput the page, with indentation.

                   file
                        the optional file object or filename to output to
                        ("-" or None or "" means sys.stdout)
                """
                isopen = 0
                if (type(file) == type("")) or (file is None) :
                        if file and (file != "-") :
                                outf = open(file, "w")
                                isopen = 1
                        else :
                                outf = sys.stdout
                else :
                        outf = file     # we assume it's a file object
                outf.write("%s" % str(self))
                outf.flush()
                if isopen :
                        outf.close()

00735 class XML_document(_TAGGED_document) :
        """This class defines an XML document"""
00737         def __init__(self, version = "1.0", encoding = "iso-8859-1") :
                """Initialize local datas.

                   arguments:
                       version:  xml version string
                       encoding: xml encoding language
                """
                _TAGGED_document.__init__(self)
                self.__version__ = version
                self.__encoding__ = encoding

00748         def __str__(self) :
                """returns the XML document as a string of text"""
                tagdocstr = _TAGGED_document.__str__(self)
                if tagdocstr :
                        return ("""<?xml version="%s" encoding="%s"?>\n""" % (self.__version__, self.__encoding__)) + tagdocstr
                else :
                        return ""

00756         def __subst_lines(self, lines, **vars):
                """Substitues var names with their values.

                   parts of this function come from the Whiz package
                   THANKS TO Neale Pickett ! Here follows the original license terms for Whiz:
                        ## Author: Neale Pickett <neale@lanl.gov>
                        ## Time-stamp: <99/02/11 10:45:42 neale>

                        ## This software and ancillary information (herein called "SOFTWARE")
                        ## called html.py made avaiable under the terms described here.  The
                        ## SOFTWARE has been approved for release with associated LA-CC Number
                        ## 89-47.

                        ## Unless otherwise indicated, this SOFTWARE has been authored by an
                        ## employee or employees of the University of California, operator of
                        ## the Los Alamos National Laboratory under contract No. W-7405-ENG-36
                        ## with the U.S. Department of Energy.  The U.S. Government has rights
                        ## to use, reproduce, and distribute this SOFTWARE.  The public may
                        ## copy, distribute, prepare derivative works and publicly display this
                        ## SOFTWARE without charge, provided that this Notice and any statement
                        ## of authorship are reproduced on all copies.  Neither the Government
                        ## nor the University makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes
                        ## any liability or responsibility for the use of this SOFTWARE.

                        ## If SOFTWARE is modified to produce derivative works, such modified
                        ## SOFTWARE should be clearly marked, so as not to confuse it with the
                        ## version available from LANL.
                """
                import regex

                container = regex.compile('\(<!-- \)?##\([-_A-Za-z0-9]+\)##\( -->\)?')
                for line in lines:
                        while container.search(line) != -1:
                                try:
                                        replacement = str(vars[container.group(2)])
                                except KeyError:
                                        replacement = str('<!-- Unmatched variable: ' + container.group(2) + ' -->')

                                pre = line[:container.regs[0][0]]
                                post = line[container.regs[0][1]:]
                                if string.strip(pre) == '':
                                        # pre is just whitespace, so pad our replacement's lines with that space
                                        lines = string.split(replacement, '\n')
                                        new = [lines[0]]
                                        for l in lines[1:]:
                                                new.append(pre + l)
                                        replacement = string.join(new, '\n')
                                line = "%s%s%s" % (pre, replacement, post)
                        self._text(line)

00806         def _template(self, file = "-", **vars) :
                """Include an external file in the current doc 
                   and replaces ##vars## with their values.

                   Parts of this function come from the Whiz package
                   THANKS TO Neale Pickett ! Here follows the original license terms for Whiz:
                        ## Author: Neale Pickett <neale@lanl.gov>
                        ## Time-stamp: <99/02/11 10:45:42 neale>

                        ## This software and ancillary information (herein called "SOFTWARE")
                        ## called html.py made avaiable under the terms described here.  The
                        ## SOFTWARE has been approved for release with associated LA-CC Number
                        ## 89-47.

                        ## Unless otherwise indicated, this SOFTWARE has been authored by an
                        ## employee or employees of the University of California, operator of
                        ## the Los Alamos National Laboratory under contract No. W-7405-ENG-36
                        ## with the U.S. Department of Energy.  The U.S. Government has rights
                        ## to use, reproduce, and distribute this SOFTWARE.  The public may
                        ## copy, distribute, prepare derivative works and publicly display this
                        ## SOFTWARE without charge, provided that this Notice and any statement
                        ## of authorship are reproduced on all copies.  Neither the Government
                        ## nor the University makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes
                        ## any liability or responsibility for the use of this SOFTWARE.

                        ## If SOFTWARE is modified to produce derivative works, such modified
                        ## SOFTWARE should be clearly marked, so as not to confuse it with the
                        ## version available from LANL.
                """   
                if (file is None) or (type(file) == type("")) :
                        if file and (file != "-") :
                                inf = open(file, "r")
                        else :
                                inf = sys.stdin
                else :
                        inf = file
                lines = map(lambda l: l[:-1], inf.readlines())
                if inf != sys.stdin :
                        inf.close()
                apply(self.__subst_lines, (lines,), vars)

00847 class HTML_document(XML_document) :
        """This class defines a useful method to output a default header,
           as well as some methods defined for easying the use of this module and
           keep porting from the old jahtml module easy too.
        """   
00852         def _default_header(self, title = "JAXML Default HTML Document", **modifiers) :
                """Begins a normal document.

                   title
                        the title of the document
                   modifiers
                        usual meta name= content= tags (keywords, description, etc...)
                        WARNING: doesn't work with other meta tags
                """
                self.html()
                self._push()
                self.head()
                self.title(title)
                for mod in modifiers.keys() :
                        if modifiers[mod] != None :
                                self._push()
                                self.meta(name = string.upper(mod), content = modifiers[mod])
                                self._pop()
                self._pop()

        #
        # Here we define some methods for easy porting from the old jahtml module
        #
        def __fake_input(self, _text_ = None, **args) :
                self._push()
                retcode = apply(self.input, (None, ), args)
                self._pop()
                return retcode

00881         def _submit(self, **args) :
                """Submit button input type, beware of the leading underscore"""
                args["type"] = "submit"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00886         def _reset(self, **args) :
                """Reset button input type, beware of the leading underscore"""
                args["type"] = "reset"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00891         def _radio(self, **args) :
                """Radio button input type, beware of the leading underscore"""
                args["type"] = "radio"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00896         def _checkbox(self, **args) :
                """Checkbox input type, beware of the leading underscore"""
                args["type"] = "checkbox"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00901         def _password(self, **args) :
                """Password input type, beware of the leading underscore"""
                args["type"] = "password"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00906         def _hidden(self, **args) :
                """Hidden input type, beware of the leading underscore"""
                args["type"] = "hidden"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00911         def _textinput(self, **args) :
                """Text input type, beware of the leading underscore and the trailing 'input'"""
                args["type"] = "text"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00916         def _button(self, **args) :
                """Button input type, beware of the leading underscore"""
                args["type"] = "button"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00921         def _file(self, **args) :
                """File input type, beware of the leading underscore"""
                args["type"] = "file"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00926         def _image(self, **args) :
                """Image input type, beware of the leading underscore"""
                args["type"] = "image"
                return apply(self.__fake_input, (None, ), args)

00931         def _meta(self, **args) :
                """The META tag, beware of the leading underscore"""
                self._push()
                retcode = apply(self.meta, (None, ), args)
                self._pop()
                return retcode

00938         def _br(self, **args) :
                """The BR tag, beware of the leading underscore"""
                self._push()
                retcode = apply(self.br, (None, ), args)
                self._pop()
                return retcode

00945         def _hr(self, **args) :
                """The HR tag, beware of the leading underscore"""
                self._push()
                retcode = apply(self.hr, (None, ), args)
                self._pop()
                return retcode

00952 class CGI_document(HTML_document) :
    """
    This class defines a CGI document.

    it inherits from the HTML_document class, but more methods are present
    """
    __possibleargs = {"version": "1.0", "encoding": "iso-8859-1", "content_type": "text/html", "content_disposition": "", "expires": "", "pragma": "", "redirect": "", "status": "", "statmes": "", "debug": None}

00960     def __init__(self, **args) :
        """
        Initialise local datas.
        """
        HTML_document.__init__(self)
        for key in self.__possibleargs.keys() :
                if args.has_key(key) :
                        value = args[key]
                else :
                        value = self.__possibleargs[key]
                setattr(self, "__" + key + "__", value)

00972     def __str__(self) :
        """Returns the CGI output as a string."""
        if self.__redirect__ :
            return "Location: %s\n\n" % self.__redirect__
        else :
            val = "Content-type: %s\n" % self.__content_type__
            if self.__status__ :
                val = val + "Status: %s %s\n" % (self.__status__, self.__statmes__)
            if self.__pragma__ :
                val = val + "Pragma: %s\n" % self.__pragma__
            if self.__expires__ :
                val = val + "Expires: %s\n" % self.__expires__
            if self.__content_disposition__ :
                val = val + "Content-Disposition: %s\n" % self.__content_disposition__
            return val + "\n" + HTML_document.__str__(self)

00988     def _set_debug(self, file) :
        """Sets the flag to send the output to a file too."""
        self.__debug__ = file

00992     def _set_pragma(self, pragma) :
        """Defines the pragma value.

           pragma
                The pragma's value
        """
        self.__pragma__ = pragma

01000     def _set_expires(self, expires) :
        """Defines the expiration date of the CGI output.

           expires
                The expiration date
        """
        self.__expires__ = expires

01008     def _set_redirect(self, url) :
        """Defines the redirection url.

           url
                The redirection url to send
        """
        self.__redirect__ = url

01016     def _set_content_type(self, content_type = "text/html") :
        """Defines the content type of the CGI output.

           content_type
                The new content type, default is text/html
        """
        self.__content_type__ = content_type

01024     def _set_content_disposition(self, content_disposition = "") :
        """Defines the content disposition of the CGI output.

           content_disposition
                The new disposition, default is ""
        """
        self.__content_disposition__ = content_disposition

01032     def _set_status(self, status, message="") :
        """Defines the status to return.

           statsus
                The status value
           message
                The message following the status value
        """
        self.__status__ = status
        self.__statmes__ = message

01043     def _do_nothing(self, message = "No response") :
        """Set status to 204 (do nothing)."""
        self._set_status("204", message)

01047     def _envvar(self, varname) :
        """Returns the variable value or None."""
        if os.environ.has_key(varname) :
                return os.environ[varname]

01052     def _server_software(self) :
        """Returns the SERVER_SOFTWARE environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('SERVER_SOFTWARE')

01056     def _server_name(self) :
        """Returns the SERVER_NAME environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('SERVER_NAME')

01060     def _gateway_interface(self) :
        """Returns the GATEWAY_INTERFACE environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('GATEWAY_INTERFACE')

01064     def _server_protocol(self) :
        """Returns the SERVER_PROTOCOL environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('SERVER_PROTOCOL')

01068     def _server_port(self) :
        """Returns the SERVER_PORT environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('SERVER_PORT')

01072     def _request_method(self) :
        """Returns the REQUEST_METHOD environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('REQUEST_METHOD')

01076     def _path_info(self) :
        """Returns the PATH_INFO environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('PATH_INFO')

01080     def _path_translated(self) :
        """Returns the PATH_TRANSLATED environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('PATH_TRANSLATED')

01084     def _document_root(self) :
        """Returns the DOCUMENT_ROOT environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('DOCUMENT_ROOT')

01088     def _script_name(self) :
        """Returns the SCRIPT_NAME environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('SCRIPT_NAME')

01092     def _query_string(self) :
        """Returns the QUERY_STRING environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('QUERY_STRING')

01096     def _remote_host(self) :
        """Returns the REMOTE_HOST environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('REMOTE_HOST')

01100     def _remote_addr(self) :
        """Returns the REMOTE_ADDR environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('REMOTE_ADDR')

01104     def _auth_type(self) :
        """Returns the AUTH_TYPE environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('AUTH_TYPE')

01108     def _remote_user(self) :
        """Returns the REMOTE_USER environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('REMOTE_USER')

01112     def _remote_ident(self) :
        """Returns the REMOTE_IDENT environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('REMOTE_IDENT')

01116     def _content_type(self) :
        """Returns the CONTENT_TYPE environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('CONTENT_TYPE')

01120     def _content_length(self) :
        """Returns the CONTENT_LENGTH environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('CONTENT_LENGTH')

01124     def _http_accept(self) :
        """Returns the HTTP_ACCEPT environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('HTTP_ACCEPT')

01128     def _http_user_agent(self) :
        """Returns the HTTP_USER_AGENT environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('HTTP_USER_AGENT')

01132     def _http_referer(self) :
        """Returns the HTTP_REFERER environment variable value."""
        return self._envvar('HTTP_REFERER')

01136     def _log_message(self, msg = "Error in a CGI Script made with jaxml", level = "error") :
        """Logs a message to the HTTP server's error log file (usually on stderr)."""
        sys.stderr.write("[%s] [%s] %s\n" % (time.asctime(time.localtime(time.time())), level, msg))

01140     def _log_message_and_exit(self, msg = "Fatal Error in a CGI Script made with jaxml", level = "error") :
        """Logs a message to the HTTP server's error log file (usually on stderr) and exits unsuccessfully."""
        self.log_message(msg, level)
        sys.exit(-1)

01145     def _output(self, file = "-") :
        """Prints the CGI script output to stdout or file.

           If self.__debug__ is defined it is used as a file
           to which send the output to too.
        """
        HTML_document._output(self, file)
        if self.__debug__ :
                HTML_document._output(self, self.__debug__)

01155 class Html_document :
        """This class warns the programmer when used, and exits the program.
           This is done to say that the jahtml module is now obsolete"""
01158         def __init__(self) :
                """Warns and Exit"""
                sys.stderr.write("EXITING: The jaxml.Html_document() class shouldn't be used anymore.\nUse jaxml.HTML_document() instead, and modify your programs according to the new API.\n")
                sys.exit(-1)


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